In our current populist and post-democratic moment, boundaries between politics and comedy often seem to be dissolving. Boris Johnson played a political fool for years before becoming prime minister, and the speeches and tweets of Donald Trump often read like absurdist comedy. Current elections and debates are fought and won through memes as well as manifestos. But while professional politicians are clowning, comedians in several countries have been trying their hand at serious politics – often with spectacular success at the polls, if not always in office.
An early example of the ‘populist’ surge, comic actor and satirist Grillo co-founded the Five Star Movement (M5S) in 2009. Its ‘five stars’ referred to the movement’s five key issues: public water, sustainable transport, sustainable development, right to Internet access, and environmentalism. M5S’s chaotic brand of anti-establishment politics and promotion of direct democracy saw it make gains in local and regional elections, and in 2018 it became the largest individual party in the Italian Parliament.
In 2010, professional clown Francisco Oliveira Silva, known as Tiririca, was elected to Brazil’s congress as deputy for Sao Paulo with 1.3 million votes, a higher share than any other candidate. Tiririca, or ‘Grumpy’, ran on the slogan ‘It can’t get any worse’. Re-elected by a landslide in 2014, he stepped down three years later, citing embarrassment at his fellow politicians, and has since returned to full-time clowning.
Šarec began his career as a comedian and satirist, before entering politics as mayor of Kamnik in 2010. In August 2018 he became prime minister of Slovenia, leading a fractious minority coalition of five centrist parties. After losing the informal support of the opposition left party Levica, and frustrated at the failure of his coalition to push through legislation, Šarec announced his resignation in January 2020.
Maksimović is a comedian and political activist known for portraying the satirical fictional politician ‘Beli’. He formerly led the parody political party Sarmu probo nisi (‘You haven’t tasted the sarma’ – a kind of stuffed vine leaf) created by a group of comedians from Mladenovac. ‘Beli’ ran for president in 2017 with a self-satirising campaign that nonetheless drew support from across the country. He finished third with 9 per cent of the vote, ahead of several more established candidates.
Ukraine’s current president had no prior political experience other than starring in the television comedy Servant of the People. He played a high-school teacher who rises to the top of Ukrainian politics after a video showing him complaining about government corruption goes viral. Fiction became political reality in 2019 when Zelensky unseated the incumbent Petro Poroshenko, becoming president with around 73 per cent of the vote.
#232: Rue Britannia ● The legacy of the British Empire ● An interview with Priyamvada Gopal ● The People’s Olympics ● An interview with Neville Southall ● Agribusiness in India ● Deliveroo’s disastrous IPO ● Latest book reviews ● And much more!
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Lesley Chow argues for a new kind of music criticism that re-evaluates women musicians and "meaningless" music, writes Rhian E Jones
The government’s Prevent strategy is funding productions that will damage community relations, argues Keith McKenna
Luke Charnley reports on the new publishing houses getting working-class writers onto the printed page.
Despite some omissions, Stephen E Hunt's examination of radical novelist Angela Carter's time in Bristol and Bath provides a useful lens to analyse the countercultural history of the two cities, argues Sue Tate.
As more and more video games infuse their narratives with explicitly political themes, B.G.M. Muggeridge asks why so many fall short in actually challenging capitalism
Taking a cinematic tour of predictable plots and improbable accents, Stephen Hackett finds himself asking: hasn’t Ulster suffered enough?
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