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22 July

'In those seven weeks, a total of 265,000 Jews were sent by train for 'resettlement in the East'. Their actual destination was Treblinka and its three gas chambers. Death, not slave labour, was their fate. It was the largest slaughter of a single community, Jewish or non-Jewish, in the Second World War.' Martin Gilbert, The Holocaust

July 22, 2009
1 min read

Große Umsiedlungsaktion (Great Resettlement Action) started today in 1942. Between 22 July and 3 October 1942, 310,322 Jews were deported from the Warsaw ghetto to the Treblinka extermination camp.

‘The Polish underground thereupon contacted the Ghetto. The answer of the Jewish leaders was that perhaps 60,000 Jews would be deported, but that it was “inconceivable that the Germans would destroy the lot”. The Jews had one request, which the Polish Home Army was glad to fulfill. They handed to the Poles an “appeal addressed to the world and to the Allied nations in particular”. The Jewish leadership demanded that the German people be threatened with reprisals. The appeal was immediately transmitted to London, but the BBC maintained complete radio silence. As we shall have occasion to find out later, the Jews did not have many friends in London, or for that matter, in Washington.’

Raul Hilberg, The Destruction of the European Jew


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