The French did not believe Ho Chi Minh when he cautioned them against trying to reoccupy Vietnam as a French colony after the end of the second world war, and they rejected diplomatic efforts to secure independence. In November 1946, French warships bombarded the Vietnamese port of Haiphong and on 19 December 30,000 Viet Minh troops attacked French positions in Hanoi. The 30-year war for Vietnamese independence, first against the French and then against the Americans, had begun.
‘All the Vietnamese must stand up to fight the French colonials to save the fatherland. Those who have rifles will use their rifles; those who have swords will use their swords; those who have no swords will use spades, hoes, or sticks. Everyone must endeavour to oppose the colonialists and save his country. Even if we have to endure hardship in the resistance war, with the determination to make sacrifices, victory will surely be ours’ – Ho Chi Minh
#229 No Return to ‘Normal’ ● Sir David King blasts the government ● State power, policing and civil rights under Covid-19 ● Hope and determination in grassroots resistance ● Black liberation and Palestine ● The future of ‘live’ ● Pubs, patriotism and precarity ● Latest book reviews ● And much more!
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Public spaces became increasingly valued during lockdown – and increasingly policed. We must continue to reclaim and celebrate it for everyone, says Morag Rose
Without active protection from the state, the rejected Project Big Picture is a taste of things to come for English football, argues Alex Maguire
Anti-racist movements in France are challenging both the state and the traditional left, writes Selma Oumari
As education becomes increasingly authoritarian, the battle against racist educational enclosure policies is one the left cannot afford to lose, argues Jessica Perera
Alethea Warrington describes how the fossil fuels industry hopes to change its image but not its practice
Ndella Diouf Paye writes about her experiences working as a carer for a private company