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Back in 2003, a sign of the depth of the revulsion at the government’s support for the US war on Iraq was the extraordinary reaction to the war by Britain’s supposedly apathetic and feckless youth. Around the UK, tens of thousands of students walked out of school in protest. In Birmingham over 4,000 school-uniformed protesters took to the streets; in Edinburgh around 300 12-15 year olds tried to occupy the castle; and in Manchester over 400 students sat in the road, peacefully blocking the traffic.
To mark this action at the time, Red Pepper tracked down 13 of these school-age protestors and asked them for their views on the conflict. The resulting article was a powerful tribute to the exuberant and purposeful rebellion of youth.
Five years on, with British troops still bedded down outside Basra, we’ve gone back to some of the same students and a few new ones, and asked them how they feel today about their protests then, about politics since and about what can be done to bring about change. Has the war left them feeling disillusioned and powerless or has it increased their political engagement – and if the latter, what kind of political engagement do they now find productive? And what will they be doing to mark the five-year anniversary?
First, we have three of the original Red Pepper kids:
In 2003, at the age of 14 Michael was reported as saying: I am appalled and ashamed that our country has been dog led into a potentially devastating war.’
Five years on he describes how cynical he now feels about politics: ‘What a mess we’re in. Reports of yet more deaths in Iraq have become almost a permanent fixture on news broadcasts. For me they have lost their shock-value. Suicide bombings, kidnappings, torture, and friendly fire: they are all now just common terms for my generation. The constant stories and images of death and destruction have had a desensitising affect upon my peers and me. If we are exposed to images of car bombs and brutal military operations everyday, what can you expect? This has to be one of the most worrying legacies of the Iraq war on my generation.
‘The biggest impact it has had upon me personally is a distinct sense of disillusionment with the political system. Essentially, the current western political model has failed me. How can such an illegal, destructive, counterproductive and divisive operation like the Iraq conflict and “war on terror” be allowed to happen?
‘Aged 15, I was hugely enthusiastic in my criticism of the conflict, taking part in anti-war demos and truly believing that our collective efforts would reap some kind of reward. However, Blair’s blind commitment to Bush and the conflict in the face of such intense opposition left me with a strong sense of being wronged. If up to two million people taking to the streets of London wasn’t enough to stop him, what could we do?
‘Unfortunately, I have not since turned such feelings into political activism. However, it has taught me that capitalist democracy does not and can never work but for the interests of the rich few – just take a look at the weapons manufacturers, oil companies and security services enjoying their share of the victors’ profits. In this sense, the war has encouraged me to look for and develop my understandings of an alternative socialist system and not simply accept political injustices that surround us.
‘The last line of my piece in May 2003 is scarily resonant: “All this war will do is create thousands of new terrorists.” Unfortunately, I couldn’t have been more accurate. It’s rather worrying that experienced world leaders failed to see what a 15 year old boy could. I just hope that more thought is used before embarking on the next “crusade” against Iran.’
Aged 11, Imogen said: ‘A lot of girls gathered at the front of my school before lessons started. My head teacher was furious and said she was going to alert the police, but we marched anyway.’
She recalls now: ‘I can remember hearing, five years ago, about the war against Iraq. Even at the age of 11, I was adamant in my belief that there should be no war, a view I still hold today. As far as I’m concerned, nothing justifies such a vicious attack on mainly innocent people.
‘Back in 2003, I participated in the anti-war protest, by parading London’s streets with the millions of other demonstrators. This was the first time that I had really been exposed to any kind of political activism, and it moved me to see so many people, from many different backgrounds and cultures, coming together to make their views known. Obviously, my age barred me slightly from participating in student walkouts, as this was only for the older students, but I did support their cause.
‘As my political understanding has grown, my opinion has not changed; I would never think declaring war could be the answer to anything. I admire all those who had the courage to make their voices heard. I’m proud to have taken part in the London march.’
At 15 Annie said: ‘Something has overcome the segregating lines of age, class, gender, race and religion – a will to prevent war.’
Now she says it hasn’t put her off being active: ‘It is of course easy with hindsight to echo the anti-war cry of the 2003 demonstrations with an increased confidence and to knowingly proclaim “I told you so”. Looking back, the war in Iraq and resulting insurgency has added a further five years of trauma and instability to Saddam’s legacy.
‘However, the failed cries of thousands of anti-war protestors in 2003 has not made me feel politically despondent or left me cursing the evils of “the system”. We have an endless energy for shaking our heads and tutting at the decisions and foibles of politicians and the impotency of the “everyday Joe” in the arena of “politics”. However, a majority seem unwilling or unable to practice individual and group power within the world of “politics”.
‘Being at university has enabled me to embrace the idea that acting within your local sphere and abilities can really make a difference. I’ve seen friends winning the battle against wasted energy on a small scale, instigating an anti plastic bag policy and an accessible recycling system for undergraduates, for example. This bottom-up method is essential as it locates power within society.
‘The ease with which I have slipped into committee roles and the amount of student union places you can see go uncontested leaves me not with a feeling that no-one “up there” in the higher echelons is listening but that we “down here” are unwilling to grab the reins. Speaking out and protesting about the decisions of “politics” is of course very important, though it is essential to do this with an informed intelligence. By not always adopting the futile position of me versus “the system” and embracing the potential for change within this system, “political” impotence becomes a fiction as a less apathetic and more discerning and active electorate could create a more accountable government.’
And then some new faces:
I continue to oppose military action in Iraq, but we must all become a part of the effort to create a suitable platform from which Iraqi citizens can progress as a nation
‘The 2003 invasion ignited western public opinion in a way that had not been seen for years. Friends and families argued about the legitimacy of the invasion, there was high profile dissent in government and millions, young and old, poured onto the streets to protest against military action.
‘I do not think anyone, for or against, envisaged the continued bloodshed and violence we see played out before us on our television screens at the close of 2007. The latest survey suggests up to 1.2 million Iraqi civilians may have lost their lives since the coalition invaded their country. The UNHCR estimates that two million Iraqis have fled their homeland into neighbouring countries such as Syria, Jordan and further afield into Egypt.
‘These are countries that are under continued pressure from Palestinian refugees and who are struggling to cope with increased numbers of Iraqis within their borders. This figure is in addition to the two million internally displaced Iraqis who have been forced to move as a result of vicious sectarian violence provoked by an insensitive imposition of the democratic process. The subsequent Shia desire for revenge and power was as inevitable as Sunni fear of subjugation.
‘Iraq is split like never before. If this invasion has taught us anything, it should be that extensive research into ethnic and sectarian divisions, tensions and historical relations should be undertaken as a vital prerequisite for any proposed military intervention. Iraq is now appropriately termed a “melting pot” of hatred beyond our control. So what lies in store for Iraq? A wall to separate communities may grant the coalition forces some reprieve from constant attacks but it is hardly a long term solution for a country ravaged by war, poverty and distrust of all, from occupier to neighbour.
Iraqis are in desperate need of the most basic services. Before we even begin to think of a long-term political process and the healing of sectarian wounds it is vital that civilians are granted their dignity, preferably by those who stripped it away most cruelly in the invasion of 2003. I continue to oppose the use of military action in the case of Iraq, but we must all become a part of the effort to create a suitable platform from which Iraqi citizens can progress as a nation, towards a democracy of which they are proud.’
‘In 2003 I was at school and I knew nothing about politics. Some teachers and students travelled to London for the anti-war march. Not me. I got back to having a laugh with my mates.
‘Since school, I have moved from political apathy to a growing awareness of injustices created by our current regime. Coming to the university was an eye opener. I became aware of Blair’s lies to justify war. I attended documentary nights and left-wing campaign groups, learning new things daily.
‘While working near Piccadilly Station last summer I was uplifted to see so many activists arriving for the “Troops Out” demonstration. After work I followed the blaring mass of people and joined the march.
‘I was happy to take part in the February 2007 “Troops Out Now” march. My mate and I returned feeling roused with a passion for socialism! There were many amazing memories; supportive clapping from pedestrians; feeling part of a group that wanted to stop the evils of imperialism; meeting activists of all ages and ethnicities; CND supporters marching alongside LGBT banners.
‘Anti-war campaigns have enlightened me about the web of deceit and lies, and the collusion of Bush and Blair over oil and gas. I am passionate about revealing the lies created by leaders. I attend demonstrations against privatisation of the NHS and support other fights that we must sustain in order to make change.
‘I was recently asked “why campaign?” when millions did in 2003 and were ignored by a “democratic” government. Turning up in our masses and feeling unified is still important even under a government that shamelessly refuses to react to the people’s wishes, even though we now have to gain legal permission to demonstrate. Students will be demonstrating their disgust at the fifth anniversary. I will support this action whether marching down Oxford Road, holding a vigil or getting a coach down to the capital and campaigning in style. I’ve learnt that It’s never too late to start protesting.’
If you have anything to add – a memory from walking out of school, photos, thoughts on how you felt after being ignored, or what you did to mark five-years on – then let us know at here
From our archive: Five years on
Five years ago Red Pepper published a number of articles on the Iraq war, we’re reprinting a selection here covering the period March to June 2003
Regime change without war
Those of us who oppose war should not allow ourselves to be seen as defenders of the status quo in the Middle East says Mary Kaldor
Tony Blair, in the name of peace and democracy, go
Tam Dalyell on why Tony Blair should reconsider his position as leader of the party
No more demockery
We failed to stop the war but another world is still possible writes Hilary Wainwright
The warfare state
Now that the fog of war has lifted David Beetham assess the implications for British democracy
What if it's not us who are sick, asks Rod Tweedy, but a system at odds with who we are as social beings?
Survivors of the fire are still relying on thousands of community volunteers, writes Dan Renwick - but the failed council is plotting a comeback
The people could reach a democratic and non-violent solution if they were freed from US meddling, argues Boaventura de Sousa Santos
A decade after the start of the crash, economic power is in our hands – we must take it, writes Ann Pettifor
Nick Dowson looks at the new wave of co-ops and community groups where people are building their own truly affordable homes
Hsiao-Hung Pai meets people affected by the fire, and finds sadness and suffering mixed with a continuing wariness of the official investigations
Chris Williamson MP, winner of the election's tightest marginal, Derby North, and recently reappointed shadow minister for fire services, talks to Ashish Ghadiali about Jeremy Corbyn, the housing crisis and winning from the left
The Corbyn-supporting group is preparing for another election at any moment, writes Adam Peggs – and now has the potential to create powerful training initiatives, union links and party reform efforts
The ‘alt-right’ is an unstable coalition – with one thing holding it together
Mike Isaacson argues that efforts to define the alt-right are in danger of missing its central component: eugenics
Fighting for Peace: the battles that inspired generations of anti-war campaigners
Now the threat of nuclear war looms nearer again, we share the experience of eighty-year-old activist Ernest Rodker, whose work is displayed at The Imperial War Museum. With Jane Shallice and Jenny Nelson he discussed a recent history of the anti-war movement.
Put public purpose at the heart of government
Victoria Chick stresses the need to restore the public good to economic decision-making
Don’t let the world’s biggest arms fair turn 20
Eliza Egret talks to activists involved in almost two decades of protest against London’s DSEI arms show
The new municipalism is part of a proud radical history
Molly Conisbee reflects on the history of citizens taking collective control of local services
With the rise of Corbyn, is there still a place for the Green Party?
Former Green principal speaker Derek Wall says the party may struggle in the battle for votes, but can still be important in the battle of ideas
Fearless Cities: the new urban movements
A wave of new municipalist movements has been experimenting with how to take – and transform – power in cities large and small. Bertie Russell and Oscar Reyes report on the growing success of radical urban politics around the world
A musical fightback against school arts cuts
Elliot Clay on why his new musical turns the spotlight on the damage austerity has done to arts education, through the story of one school band's battle
Neoliberalism: the break-up tour
Sarah Woods and Andrew Simms ask why, given the trail of destruction it has left, we are still dancing to the neoliberal tune
Cat Smith MP: ‘Jeremy Corbyn has authenticity. You can’t fake that’
Cat Smith, shadow minister for voter engagement and youth affairs and one of the original parliamentary backers of Corbyn’s leadership, speaks to Ashish Ghadiali
To stop the BBC interviewing climate deniers, we need to make climate change less boring
To stop cranks like Lord Lawson getting airtime, we need to provoke more interesting debates around climate change than whether it's real or not, writes Leo Barasi
Tory Glastonbury? Money can’t buy you cultural relevance
Adam Peggs on why the left has more fun
Essay: After neoliberalism, what next?
There are economically-viable, socially-desirable alternatives to the failed neoliberal economic model, writes Jayati Ghosh
With the new nuclear ban treaty, it’s time to scrap Trident – and spend the money on our NHS
As a doctor, I want to see money spent on healthcare not warfare, writes David McCoy - Britain should join the growing international movement for disarmament
Inglorious Empire: What the British Did to India
Inglorious Empire: What the British Did to India, by Shashi Tharoor, reviewed by Ian Sinclair
A Death Retold in Truth and Rumour
A Death Retold in Truth and Rumour: Kenya, Britain and the Julie Ward Murder, by Grace A Musila, reviewed by Allen Oarbrook
‘We remembered that convictions can inspire and motivate people’: interview with Lisa Nandy MP
The general election changed the rules, but there are still tricky issues for Labour to face, Lisa Nandy tells Ashish Ghadiali
Everything you know about Ebola is wrong
Vicky Crowcroft reviews Ebola: How a People’s Science Helped End an Epidemic, by Paul Richards
Job vacancy: Red Pepper is looking for an online editor
Closing date for applications: 1 September.
Theresa May’s new porn law is ridiculous – but dangerous
The law is almost impossible to enforce, argues Lily Sheehan, but it could still set a bad precedent
Interview: Queer British Art
James O'Nions talks to author Alex Pilcher about the Tate’s Queer British Art exhibition and her book A Queer Little History of Art
Cable the enabler: new Lib Dem leader shows a party in crisis
Vince Cable's stale politics and collusion with the Conservatives belong in the dustbin of history, writes Adam Peggs
Anti-Corbyn groupthink and the media: how pundits called the election so wrong
Reporting based on the current consensus will always vastly underestimate the possibility of change, argues James Fox
Michael Cashman: Commander of the Blairite Empire
Lord Cashman, a candidate in Labour’s internal elections, claims to stand for Labour’s grassroots members. He is a phony, writes Cathy Cole
Contribute to Conter – the new cross-party platform linking Scottish socialists
Jonathan Rimmer, editor of Conter, says it’s time for a new non-sectarian space for Scottish anti-capitalists and invites you to take part
Editorial: Empire will eat itself
Ashish Ghadiali introduces the June/July issue of Red Pepper
Eddie Chambers: Black artists and the DIY aesthetic
Eddie Chambers, artist and art historian, speaks to Ashish Ghadiali about the cultural strategies that he, as founder of the Black Art Group, helped to define in the 1980s
Despite Erdogan, Turkey is still alive
With this year's referendum consolidating President Erdogan’s autocracy in Turkey, Nazim A argues that the way forward for democrats lies in a more radical approach
Red Pepper Race Section: open editorial meeting – 11 August in Leeds
The next open editorial meeting of the Red Pepper Race Section will take place between 3.30-5.30pm, Friday 11th August in Leeds.
Mogg-mentum? Thatcherite die-hard Jacob Rees-Mogg is no man of the people
Adam Peggs says Rees-Mogg is no joke – he is a living embodiment of Britain's repulsive ruling elite