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Any Respect left?

With the implosion of Respect, Hilary Wainwright asks can anything be learnt for the future or is it a moment simply of despair?

November 18, 2007
5 min read


Hilary WainwrightHilary Wainwright is a member of Red Pepper's editorial collective and a fellow of the Transnational Institute. @hilarypepper


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Personally, I didn’t invest energy in Respect beyond cheering Galloway’s victory in BBC studio on election night. I’d learnt the hard way in the Socialist Alliance that the SWP leadership was not going to abandon its sectarian determination always to build itself rather than put its considerable capacities into building of a far, far more broadly based and plural political voice of the left. And to be honest, although I was impressed by Galloway’s oratorical skills, my feminism, my instinctive dislike of leaderism and my aghast observations of the Scargill and then the Sheridan debacles made me extremely wary of an organisation that depended so much on a hero.

But it’s not all bad. There are positive lessons as well as negative ones. Especially if one looks beyond London (always a good idea). In Preston and Birmingham, Respect branches have begun to practice a different kind of politics, different both from different varieties of parliamentary socialism and from the vanguardist pretensions of the leadership of the SWP.

When Michael Lavalette became a councillor, initially for the Socialist Alliance and then Respect, in an inner city ward of Preston, he found that no Labour councillors held individual surgeries. He made it one of his first priorities to take up personal cases but making connections with national and international issues. His method was to be available where people gather, from the Catholic church and the Mosque to trade union and community meetings.

As well as having a massive case load he and an alliance of left Labour and sometimes Lib-Dem councillors, have won numerous victories large and small through a mixture of campaigning pressure outside the council and shrewd alliance building on the inside. Over 50% of resolutions proposed by Lavalette have been successful including resulting in an environmental audit of all council policies, a commitment to an integrated transport system, the successful blocking of the South African multinational Netcare’s involvement in the local hospital. He is one of two SWP members on Respect’s local branch committee of six, and very insistent on the SWP’s role as a minority in a much wider coalition. Salma Yaqoob and Mohammed Ishtiaq work in a similar way in Birmingham, working with community and trade union campaigns challenging the council leadership on issues on which everyone else is silent, for instance the damaging consequences of the Private Finance Initiative for the city.

Here are two experiments in creating a new politics, giving discontent a political voice at a time when critical opinion otherwise gets drowned in an apolitical miasma of consultations, partnerships, targets and overstressed voluntary organisations bogged down in bidding for funds to meet basic social needs.

The point of drawing attention to these experiences is not to create a warm feeling in a cold climate, nor to polish the tarnished image of Respect(s) – similar examples could be drawn from the work of Socialist Party councillors in Coventry or the Independent Working Class Organisation councillors in Oxford, Green party councillors in Brighton and so on…

The point for me about such local experiments is that they are effective because they are answering in practice a number of questions that have to be answered if we – ‘we’ being a very wide spectrum of independent and open minded pluralist socialists – are effectively to develop an organised political force. (And here I am leaving aside for the moment the urgent need for a proportional electoral system)

First,what is the point of a political party? As we answer this we should bear in mind two important features of the present situation. On the one hand there is the serious crisis of the institutions of representative democracy. Any political party of the left that is not highly self-critical and self-conscious of its distinctive and independent relation to these institutions easily becomes corrupted by them – a factor in the Respect debacle. On the other hand, in this age of social movements and networks, a political party has no monopoly over the process of social change.

A political party of the left must have its fulcrum in the movements and networks that have been built up in the past decades outside the political institutions but must at the same time promote the demands and needs of these struggles within and against these institutions, seeking all the time to open them up, redistribute power outwards. This is how Lavalette and Yaqoob are interpreting the role of Respect building it as a federal coalition without seeking to corral it into one organisation.

So the second question is how do we build a political party that is modest in its role, rooted in society and social conflicts not imprisoned in the institutions, plural and open in its culture, democratic in its internal structures and participatory in its recognition of the capacity and knowledge of all? A test of whether either of the remnants of Respect who met yesterday are capable of learning from their process of self destruction will be whether such principles are explicitly agreed.

See the forthcoming Red Pepper for an extended analysis of the underlying factors in behind the crisis in Respect by Alex Nunns.

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Hilary WainwrightHilary Wainwright is a member of Red Pepper's editorial collective and a fellow of the Transnational Institute. @hilarypepper


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